Our Trees

Common Name Scientific Name Family Other Name Remarks Status
Kalumpit Terminalia microcarpa Myrobalanus microcarpa Comnretaceae Soap Berry Bird Lime tree Bark contains tannin Fruit are edible, eaten raw or made into preserves
Used to sweeten and age 
lambanog (coconut liquer)
Leaves used as cattle fodder 
Wood is used for light construction
Balobo Diplodiscus paniculatus Turcz. Tiliaceae Philippine Almond Nuts have sticky kernels that become crunchy snack food when roasted or cooked in syrup. Nuts can also be ingredients of higher-value products like chocolate bars. Native
Alupag Litchi chinensis var. Philippinensis Sapindaceace Cat's Eye Philippine Lychee Fruits are edible, eaten raw (ripe) or dried Dried fruits helps to end Insomia Native
Kamagong Diospyros blancoi Velvet Apple Mabolo is a fruit reach in antioxidants One of the country’s hardest woods
Deep roots make it an effective windbreak Tree is also source of valuable timber that is used locally and traded as wood carvings
Mamoko Glenniea philippinensis Sapindaceae Malachico Fruits are edible but have subacid taste and also little astringent. The wood is suitable for furniture and carving
Lipa Dendrocnide meyeniana Urticaceae Lipang kalabaw Caution: Fresh Leaves Sting! Roots use for making tea.
Leaves extract containt yielded anthrones, flavonoids, glycosidic flavonoids, phenolic compounds, steroids, tannins, triterpenes, and anthraquinones
Kasoy Anarcardium occidentale Anacardiaceae Cashew Apple Leaves or bark can be made into a tea that treats diarrhea.
Shell of cashew nut sorounded by a toxic oil which can burn or irritate skin
Tuai Bischofia javanica Phyllanthaceae Java cedar Fruits and Nectar of Tuai insects and wild birds can benefit Young, soft leaves eaten raw or cooked Fruits used for making wine Barks can use as dye for rattan basket and bamboo mattings Native
Batuan Garcinia binucao Clusiaceae Maladambo Binukaw Ugau Fruits and young leaves can be eaten raw The fruits can be pickles and dried Native
Kalumpang Sterculia foetida Malvaceae Java Olive Wild Almond Tree Flowers have peculiar odour. The smell of the flowers can attracts a lot of pollinators. Nuts can be eaten raw or roasted. Native
Galo Anacolosa frutescens Olacaceae Galo nut Kopi gunung Seeds and Fruits are edible eaten raw or cooked.
Lipote Syzgium polycephaloides Syzygium curranii Myrtaceae Bahag Baligang Igot Fruits eaten, raw or cooked.
Fruits used in making preserves, jellies, wine, pickles and beverages. Fruit is rich in vitamin C, considered as an antioxidants as well as antihypertensive.
Anonang Cordia Dichotoma Boraginaceae Soap Berry Bird Lime tree Bark considered astringent and tonic. Fruit considered demulcent, expectorant, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, diuretic, aphrodisiac and anthelmintic. Studies have shown anti-ulcer, wound healing, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antimicrobial, anti-implantation properties. Native
Yakal Shorea astylosa Dipterocarpaceae White Lauan Red Lauan Philippine Mahogany Yakal wood is considered one of the most expensive types of wood in the Philippines Native
Anubing Artocarpus acuminatissimus Merr. Moraceae Indang Bayuko Kubi Fruit reported as edible Seeds are edible, boiled or roasted Bark used for stomach aches Latix has potential for use as chewing gum base Fruits and Leaves used as fodder Native
Bayag Usa Voacanga globosa (Blanco) Merr. Apocynaceae Testicle Tree Lapit Usa Fruits used as antidote for food poisoning Ati tribe of Iloilo apply the paste of fresh leaves to the forehead to treat fever and spasmodic pain. Leaves for relapse (pasma) Native
Hauili Ficus septica Moraceae Hawili Fruits used as laxative Latex used for herpes Decoction of roots used as diuretic Native
Neem Tree Azadirachta indica Meliaceae Nim Margosa Holy Tree Leaves and flowers are edible Leaves used for making tea Bark used or malaria Non-Native (Naturalized)
Narra Pterocarpus indicus Fabaceae Guinea rosewood Naga Laga Mukwa Narra is the Philippine national Tree Young Leaves and Flowers are reportedly edible Flowers a source of honey Root, bark and wood can prevent and treat a asthma Native
Mango Mangifera indica Anacardiaceae Mangga Good source of Iron Young Fresh leaves are used for some dishes also prepared as tea Leaf Extract have a antibacterial properties Non-Native (Naturalized)
Caballero Caesalpinia pulcherrima Fabaceae Bulallak ng Paraiso Peacock Flower Used as ornamentals Flowers and young pods can consume Non-Native (Naturalized)
Langka Atocarpus heterophyllus Moraceae Jackfruit Nangka fruits has a high in carbohydrate content Unripe fruit can be pickled Root is considred antiasthmatic Bark is considered sedative Non-Native (Naturalized)
Kamansi Artocarpus camansi Moraceae Ugod Dalangian Kolo Breadnut Fruits, particularly young ones, are boiled and eaten as a vegetable Seeds are rich in starch, eaten boiled or roasted Seeds is rich in protein, low in fat, rich in minerals, especially niacin Native
Marang Artocarpus odoratissimus Moraceae Terap Madang Johey Fruits and seeds are edible Seeds alternative source of flour Native
Guyabano Annona muricata Annonaceae Soursop Graviola Juicy ripe fruit eaten raw Juicy Ripe Fruits can used beverages, ice cream and jelly tarts. Fruits are rich in vitamins B and C Leaves can use to make a tea Non-Native (Naturalized)
Durian Durio zibethinus Malvaceae Civet Fruit Dulian Durio Durian fruits have a high potassium content Fruits good source of carbohydrate. Fruits can eaten rae, sooked as vegetable, frozen or dried Flowers petals , young leaves and shoots are edible Native
Avocado Persea americana Lauraceae Alligator pear Fruit eaten with a dressing as a salad Fruit can make a ice cream and dessert Leaves used a tea Non-Native (Naturalized)
Bignay Antidesma bunius Phyllanthaceae Bugnay Queensland cherry Fruits made into jam and jelly Fermented into wine, vinegar and brandy Young leaves are edible raw, in salads, or stewed with rice Leaves used as substitute fo tomato or vinegar to flavor fish and meat stews. Native
Kakawate Gliricidia sepium Fabaceae Madre de Cacao Glory Cedar Mexican lilac St. Vincent plum Flowers is edible Flowers attract honeybees Leaves used as a insect repellant Fodder for animals Non-Native (Naturalized)
Calliandra Calliandra calothyrsus Fabaceae Powderpuff anti-inflammatory anticonvulsant immunomodulatory antiulcerogenic Non-Native (Invasive)
Alagaw Premna odorata Lamiaceae Aggau Abgaw kahoy Fragrant premna Young leaves used in cooking specially in paksiw and bopis Dried leaves used as natural pest control in poultry house Native
Cherimoya / Atemoya Annona cherimola Annona x atemoya Annonaceae Custard Apple Sugar Apple fruits can be eaten fresh fruits can be processed to be like ice cream, milkshakes or sorbets Crushed seed can be used as natural insecticide Non-Native
Peanut Butternut Tree Bunchosia glandulifera Malpighiaceae Caferana Peanut butter fruit Fruit is edible Non-Native
Carry Tree Murraya koenigi Rutaceae Karipata Curry leaves Leaves and fruits are edible Leaves are dry roasted or fried to a crisp Leaves used to flavor various dishes Non-Native
Mexican Lime Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae Key lime Acid Lime Mexican lime fruits is smaller than other varietys Fruits key ingredient in certain pickles and chutneys. Lime juice used to flavored drinks, foods and confections. Non-Native
Cedro Lemon Citrus medica Rutaceae Citron Cedro is a large citrus variety. Cedro is a source of potassium to balance fluid level within the body. Can be main ingredient in Cedro Lemon Bruschetta and cedro lemon Risotto Non-Native
Tibig Ficus nota Moraceae Sacking tree Water Tree Ripe fruits are edible but rather tasteless Young leaves eaten as vegetable Water extracted from standing tree can relieved fever, used fror urinary infections. Native
Nyog-nyogan Ficus pseudopalma Blanco Moraceae Lubi-lubi Philippine fig Palm like fig Young shoots are edible, cooked in gata. Leaf decoction used for the treatment hypertension, diabetes, kidney stones and high cholesterol. Native
Dap Dap Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr. Fabaceae Anii Rarang December Tree Young shoots are edible, can steam in a salads. Leaves are used for wound healing Native
Kamias Averrhoa bilimbi L. Oxalidaceae Bilimbi Tree Iba Pias Eaten raw the fruits Prepared as a relish and food flavoring Made into sweets and jams, used in making juices, vinegar, pickles and wine. Non-Native (Naturalized)
Lanzones Lansium parasiticum (Osbeck) K.C.Sahni & Bennet Meliaceae Boboa, Buan Langsat Eaten fresh the ripe fruits, it can be preserve Dried fruit skins used as incense and repelants to mosquitos Juice of the bark and fruit can be used for poison arrow Non-Native (Naturalized)
Mulberry Morus alba Linn. Moraceae Morera Moras Silkworm tree Young leaves eaten as vegetable, particularly by nursing mothers. Leaves can used as tea and powder juice Mulberry fruits can be processed making jam, wine etc. Non-Native (Naturalized)
Aratiles Muntingia calabua Linn. Muntingiaceae Cherry Tree Bird Cherry Mansanitas Saresa Ripe fruits can be eaten Fruits processed into jam Leaves used for making tea Non-Native (Naturalized)
Anonas Annona reticulata Linn. Annonaceae Custard Apple Sarikaya Bull's Heart Fruits is edible Leaves used in tanning, yields a blue or black dye Leaves used for Binat Juice from fresh pulp used in shampoo to kill lice Native
Antipolo Artocarpus blancoi (Elmer) Merr. Moraceae Chipuho Kalanat Pakak Bark extract considered antimicrobial Leaves reportedly used as food by Ayta people in Porac, Pampanga Fruits and seeds are cooked and eaten Dry Leaves to repel mosquitos Native
Mahogany Swietenia mahogani (L.) Jacq. Meliaceae West Indian Mahogany Madeira redwood Commerce of its wood Non-Native (Invasive)
Ipil Ipil Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit Mimosaceae Santa Elena Agho San Pedro Kabahero Ipil Leaves good source of nitrogen for the soil and plants. Leaves of Ipil can fodder for animals In other provinces or country seeds and young pods are cooked as vegetable. Roasted seeds used as coffee substitute Young Leaves, flowers and young pods are used as ingredients in soups and salads. Non-Native (Invasive)
Hanadiong Trema orientalis Blume Ulmaceae Cannabaceae Hinadyong Charcoal tree Pigeon wood Leaves and fruits reportedly eaten in African countries Young leaves eaten as spinach by the Zulus Leavesand bark can used as dye. Leaves pods and seeds used as fodder. Fiber appropriate for paper and pulp production Native
African Tulip Spathodea campanulata P.Beauv. Bignoniaceae Sirit-Sirit Fire bell Flame of the forest Winged seeds are reported to be edible. Timber is used for making paper Flowers yield a natural dye Sun dried bark extracts againts in E coli. Non-Native (Invasive)
Kaong Arenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr. Arecaceae Black Sugar Palm Bat-bat Idiog Immature seeds are edible, usually boiled with sugar. Edible starch from the stem and trunk. Crown top or Ubod is eaten as salad or cooked Roots used as insect repellent Native
Tambis Syzygium aqueum (Burm.f.) Alston. Myrtaceae Bell fruit Water rose apple Fruits is edible. Unripe green fruits are eaten raw and used to make pickles, jelly, syrup and sauces. Leaves are edible, eaten raw or dried. Leaves have an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antioxidants , antimicrobial and etc. Native
Banaba Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. Lythraceae Queen's flower Makablos Leaves are used as medicine, and it is known to reduce blood sugar. Leaves and bark are helping treat UTI. Bark, fruits and leaves contain tannin. Native
Bakan Litsea philippinensis Merr. Lauraceae Bakan Wood used locally as a popular in carving and making religious icons Native
Malapapaya Polyscias nodosa (Blume) Seemann Araliaceae Bongliw Wood primarly used for fancy woodwork, native wooden shoes, matchsticks, pencil slats, lollipops and popsicle sticks. It's good material in plywood Native
Acacia Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr. Fabaceae Mimosoideae Akasya Rain tree False powder puff Mesocarp of the fruit are edible. Bark is abundant source of gum and resin Young pods use a fodder for cattle and horses Non-Native (Naturalized)
Binunga Macaranga tanarius (Linn.) Muell. -Arg Euphorbiaceae Elephant's Ear Bilua Ginabang Bark and leaves use in making a fermented drink (basi) Bark contains tannin Native
Angels Trumpet Brugmansia arborea (L.) Steud. Solanaceae Trompeta Plant used as hallucinogen and intoxicant All plant parts are potentially poisonous Non-Native
Makopa Syzygium samarangense (Blume) Merr. & L,M.Perry Myrtaceae Macopa Java Apple Wax Apple Fruit is edible , used in salads, also pickled Leaves used for making tea Woods is durable, moderately resistant to fungi and termites Non-Native (Naturalized)
Linawin Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. Rutaceae Gin Berry Gingging Linauin Fruit is edible Roots and Leaves use decoction for anti fungal, taken for intestinal trouble Native
Bunog Garcinia celebica Clusiaceae Seashore mangosteen Fruits are edible, it has sour taste. Essential Oil from the leaves have anti cancer and antimicrobial properties Native
Takip Asin Macaranga grandifolia Euphorbiaceae Binungang malapad Coral Tree Nectar of the tree benefits local insects Fodder for ruminant Native
Tagpo Psychotria luzoniensis F.-Vill Rubiacea Tagpong-gubat Leaves can be anti ulcer Native
Duhat Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels Myrtaceae Black plum Lomboy Java PLum Ripe fruit is edible Juice from fruits can be made into wine and vinegar Fruit is a good source of calcium and a fair source of iron Non-Native (Naturalized)
Lapnis Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Herit ex Vent Moraceae Paper mulberry Tapa cloth Tree Young leaves can be steamed or boiled. fruits and cooked leaves are edible Leaves atre fed to sil worm Fiber from the bark is used in making paper, cloth rope, etc. Native
Caimito Chrysophyllum cainito Linn. Sapotaceae Star apple Milk Fruit Golden leaf tree Fruit eaten ripe Used as ice cream and sherbet ingrdient Leaves can make a tea good for antidiabetic Non-Native (Naturalized)
Kape Coffea arabica Linn. Rubiacea Kapi Arabian coffee Leaves used for brewing tea. Nectar and pollen from the flowers collected by honeybees Caffeien content is considered a natural herbicide Non-Native (Naturalized)
Matang Hipon Breynia vitis-idaea (Burnm.f.) C.E.C.Fisch. Phyllanthaceae Indian snowberry Coral berry tree Torog-torog Fruit reportedly edible Leaves have antibacterial, antioxidant Native
Suha Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. Rutaceae Lukban Pomelo Fresh fruits is a good source of vitamin B, Iron and calcium Tree is a valued honey plant Fruits and leaves yield essential oil tha serve as perfumery and toiletry. Non-Native (Naturalized)